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扫描电镜下的肾结石碎石

 发布时间:2019-05-22 点击量:292

DAJIALEJIESHENJIESHIMA?SHENJIESHISHIYOUSHENMEYINQIDENI?JINTIAN,XIAOBIANJIANGJIEHESAOMIAODIANJINGYUDAJIAYIQIGUANCHASHENJIESHIWEIGUANJIEGOU,YIJIPAICHUSHENJIESHISHIDAOZHISHENTITENGTONGBUYIDEYUANYIN。

 

滚球体育TU 1 WEIJIESHIDEHONGGUANXINGMAO,GENYIKEKEDEXIAOSHITOUMEISHENMEQUBIE。XIANGXIANGYIXIA,RUGUOZHEIXIEXIAOSHITOUZAISHENLIMIANHUANGLAIHUANGQU,SHENZHIDUDAOMOUGEDIFANG, BIRUDUZHULENIAODECHULU,SHENLIDENIAOPAIBUCHULAI,JIULEJIUHUIDAOZHISHENSHIZHIBEIYAPO,ZAOCHENGSHENJISHUI。

 

图1  结石宏观形貌

 

ZHILIAOSHENJIESHICHANGYONGDEFANGSHIJIUSHITIWAISHENGBOSUISHI。ZHENSUIDEJIESHIKELIHUISHUNZHESHUNIAOGUAN > BANGGUANG > NIAODAOPAICHULAI。KELIYOUYIDINGJILVDAIYOUJIANRUIDELENGJIAO(RUTU 2 ,FEINADIANJINGPAIDAODEJIESHISUIPIANWEIGUANXINGMAOTU),SHUNIAOGUANJIAONENDEQIANJINZHITI,PAZHEIXIEYAJIANJIAOLIDEJIAHUO。

 

    

图2  碎石后的结石微观形貌

 

什么是结石,肾结石是怎么形成的?

 

滚球体育JIESHIDADUOSHIKUANGWUZHIHUOSHIHUNHEDANBAIZHIDEJIEJING,CHANGJIANDECHENGFENYOUCAOSUANGAI、LINSUANGAI、NIAOSUANYAN、LINSUANANMEIDENG,CAOSUANGAIJIESHIWEICHANGJIAN,ZHANBIJIN 80%。

 

图3  结石能谱成分分析

 

图4  结石结晶特征

 

滚球体育SHUODAOJIESHIDEXINGCHENG,KEYIYONGSHUIGOUDEXINGCHENGLAIJINXINGDUIBI。

 

ZHONGSUOZHOUZHI,DANGGUOLUYONGDEJIULE,SHUIZHONGDEGAILIZI、MEILIZIDENGHUICHENJIDEYUELAIYUEDUO,ZHIDAOKEYIYONGROUYANKANDAOZHEIXIEJIEJING,SHUIGOUJIUCHUXIANLE。

 

SHENZANGZHONGDESHITOUYESHIYOUYULEISIDEYUANYINERCHUXIANDE。SHENJIESHIKEYIZAIMINIAOXITONGDEHENDUOBUWEICHUXIAN,SHANGDAOSHENZANG、SHUNIAOGUAN,XIADAOBANGGUANG、NIAODAO。

 

 

肾结石有什么症状?

 

1. YAOBEIDUNTONG、SUANTONG,SHISHENJIESHIHUANZHERICHANGCHANGJIANDEZHENGZHUANG,40%~75% DESHENJIESHIHUANZHEYOUBUTONGCHENGDUDEYAOTONG。

 

2. RUGUOJIESHIDESHULIANGTAIDUOHUOZHEKELITAIDA,JIUHUICHUXIANHENKEPADEHOUGUOLE——PAINIAOKUNNAN、NIAOXUESHENZHISHENJIAOTONG。SHENJIAOTONGFABINGSHI,QUANSHENMAOHAN,XUEYAXIAJIANG,SHENZHICHANGWEIYEHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。

 

3. YEYOUBUFENSHENJIESHIHUANZHESHENMEGANJUEDOUMEIYOU, BUGUO,QIANWANBIEGAOXINGDETAIZAO,YIDANTONGQILAI,JIUCANLOU。

 

 

哪些人容易得肾结石?

 

MUQIAN,WOGUOCHENGRENSHENJIESHIHUANZHEYUEYOU 6120 WAN。SHENMEGAINIAN?CULVEGUSUANYIXIA,YIZHONGGUOZONGRENKOU 15 YIWEILI,CHABUDUOMEI 25 GERENZHONGJIUYOUYIGESHENJIESHIHUANZHE。

 

滚球体育SHENJIESHIDUOFASHENGYUQINGZHUANGNIAN,QIENANXINGFABINGDUOYUNVXING。

 

怎么预防肾结石?

 

1. ANSHITIJIAN,ZAOFAXIAN,ZAOZHILIAO;

滚球体育2. CONGYINSHIZUOQI,YIDINGYAOZUODAO "SHAOYOUSHAONISHAOYAN",YINSHIQINGDAN, HUNSUDAPEI;

滚球体育3. HELIANPAIZUOXISHIJIAN, BAOZHENGCHONGZUSHUIMIAN,JINLIANGBUYAOAOYE;

4. QIEJIBUYAOBAGONGZUODEYALIDAIDAOSHENGHUOZHONG,ZUOHAOQINGXUGUANLI;

5. DUOHESHUIDUONIAONIAO;

6. DUOYUNDONG,KEYIZUOYIXIETIAOYUEDEYUNDONG, LIRUTIAOSHENG/ YUANDITIAOYUEDENG。

 

滚球体育ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,KONGZHIYINSHI,JIANKANGZUOXI,DUOHESHUI,DUOYUNDONG。TEBIESHIJIUZUOBANGONGSHIHEJINGCHANGCHUCHADEQINMEN,YIDINGDEDUOAIXISHENTIE!

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