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如何对 3D 打印金属粉末进行全面评估?

 发布时间:2019-12-12 点击量:83

什么是 3D 打印? 

 

3D DAYIN(YOUCHENGZENGCAIZHIZAO)SHIYIZHONGYISHUZIMOXINGWENJIANWEIJICHU,YUNYONGFENMOZHUANGJINSHUHUOSULIAODENGKEZHANHECAILIAO,TONGGUOZHUCENGDAYINDEFANGSHILAIGOUZAOWUTIDEJISHU。

 

 

ZUOGEJIANDANDEBIFANG,XIAOSHIHOUYONGJIMUGAIFANGZI,XINLIXIANGOUJIANHAOFANGZIZUIZHONGDEMOYANG,RANHOUBAJIMUYICENGYICENGLEIQILAI,JIUCHENGLEFANGZIDEMOYANG。

 

GANGKAISHI 3D DAYINZHUYAOYONGYUZHIZAOMOXING,ZHIHOUZHUJIANZAIQICHE、HANGKONGHANGTIAN、SHENZHIYAKEHEYILIAOCHANYEDEDAOGUANGFANYINGYONG。

 

LIRU 2014 NIAN,ZHOUSHINONGMINCONG 3 LOUZHUILUO,ZUONAOGAIBEIZHUANGSUI。YISHENGCAIYONG 3D DAYINJISHU,SHEJILETAIJINSHUWANGZHONGJIANQUESUNLUKUANGGU,ZHIZUOCHUQUESUNDEZUO“NAOGAI”,BANGQIHUIFUXINGXIANG。

哪些因素决定了 3D 打印工件的质量?

 

ZAIGONGYESHENGCHANZHONG,REN-JI-LIAO-FA-HUAN,SHIQUANMIANZHILIANGGUANLIZHONG 5 GEYINGXIANGCHANPINZHILIANGDEZHUYAOYINSU。

 

人 —— 指制造产品的人员;
机 —— 制造产品所用的设备;
料 —— 指制造产品所使用的原材料;
法 —— 指制造产品所使用的方法;
环 —— 指产品制造过程中所处的环境。

 

 

QIZHONG,YONGYUGOUMAIYUANCAILIAODEFEIYONGZHANYOUXIANGDANGDADEBIZHONG。TONGSHI,YUANCAILIAODEZHILIANGYESHIGUANXIDAOGONGJIANZHILIANGYOULIEzuiGUANJIANDEYINSUZHIYI。YINCI,ZHUNQUEDIJIANCEHEPINGDINGYUANCAILIAODEPINZHI,SHIBAOZHENGGONGJIANZHILIANG、JIANGDIGONGJIANZAOJIADEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。

 

DANGQIANYINGYONGzuiPUBIANDEJINSHU 3D DAYINJISHUSHIXUANZEXINGJIGUANGRONGHUA(SLM),GAIJISHUSUOSHIYONGDEYUANCAILIAOWEIJINSHUFENMO。FENMODELIDU、XINGZHUANG、CHENGFENCHAYIGUODAYIJIWEIZHIDETEXINGHUIDAOZHIFENCENGBUJUNYUN、QUEXIANZENGJIA、BIAOMIANGUANGJIEDUCHA,HAIKENENGHUIDAOZHIZAINANXINGSHIXIAO。

 

YINCI,YOUBIYAODUIJINSHUFENMOZUOQUANMIANDEPINGJIA。

 

 

FEINADIANJINGXIADEJINSHUFENMO

 

现有金属粉末的评估方法存在哪些优缺点?

 

XIANYOUGUANYUJINSHUFENMOWEIGUANXINGTAIPINGGUDEFANGFAYOULIANGZHONG:JIGUANGLIDUYIFAHESAOMIAODIANJINGGUANCHAFA。

 

JIGUANGLIDUYIFENXI:TONGGUOKELIDEYANSHEHUOSANSHEGUANGDEKONGJIANFENBU(SANSHEPU)LAIFENXIKELIDAXIAO,BINGDEDAOYANGPINDELIDUFENBU。


激光粒度仪法具有如下优点:

 

· 检测效率高,一个样品的检测时间只需要数分钟(不含样品制备时间)。

滚球体育· 粒径范围广,可以检测几十纳米到几百微米的尺度。

 

DANTONGSHIYECUNZAIYIXIAWENTI:

 

滚球体育· JIANCEZHUNQUEDUYOUXIAN:LIANGGEXIAOKELIZHANFUDAOYIQISHI,HUIBEISHIBIECHENGYIGEDAKELI;LINGWAI,YINBUTONGCAILIAODEZHESHELVBUTONG,WUFATONGSHIJINGQUEFENXIJIZHONGCAILIAODEKELILIJING。

· WUFAJICHUXINGZHUANGXINXI:WUFAQUFENCHUZHANGTIAOXINGKELIHEQIUZHUANGKELI,JIGUANGLIDUYIZAICELIANGLIJINGSHI,TONGYIBAKELIKANCHENGLEQIUXING。

· ZAIBIAOZHENGKELILIDUFENBUSHIJIGUANGLIDUYICAIYONGDESHIKELITIJIHANSHUERBUSHIKELISHULIANGHANSHU。ZHEISHIDEZHIFANGTUZHONGDEDAKELIJUYOUJIAOGAODEQUANZHONG,ERXIAOKELIHENRONGYIBEIHULVEDIAO。

 

 

SHANGTUBIAOXIANSHILEDUIXIANGTONGFENMOCAIYONGLIANGZHONGBUTONGJISHUFENXIDEJIEGUODUIBI。CONGGAOLIANGXIANSHIDEQUYUKEYIKANCHU,JIAOXIAODEKELISHULIANGFEICHANGXIANZHU(JIANSHULIANGFENBU),ERZHEIXIEKELIDEDETIJIGONGXIANXIANGDANGDI(JIANTIJIFENBU)。

 

SAOMIAODIANJINGGUANCHA:TONGGUOSAOMIAODIANJINGPAIZHAO,HUODEKELIDEXINGZHUANGTEZHENG。

 

优点:

 

滚球体育· YANJIANWEISHI,ZHIGUANZHUNQUE:TONGGUODIANZICHENGXIANGDEFANGSHI,ZHIJIEGUANCHADAOKELI。JINERKEYIDUIKELIDEYUANDU、ZHANGJINGBIDENGXINGMAOTEZHENGJINXINGPINGGU。

· HUOQUCHENGFENXINXI:PEIHENENGPUYI,KEYIFENXIKELISUOHANYUANSUDEZHONGLEI。

 

缺点:

 

SHUJUHUOQUSUDUJIAOMAN,XUYAOLIANXUPAIZHAOBINGRENGONGCELIANGCHICUNBINGTONGJI。

 

飞纳(Phenom)提出了什么样的解决方案?

 

Phenom ParticleX 以电镜法为基础,并搭配能谱仪,可以直观的获取颗粒的形状和成分信息。同时,通过自动移动拍照——自动颗粒识别——自动颗粒分析,可以在短时间分析大量颗粒,弥补了电镜法检测效率低的问题。

 

应用案例

 

1. 按粒径进行统计:

 

 

DUIGONGYINGSHANG A (a, b) HEGONGYINGSHANG B (c,d) Ti-6Al-4V FENMOSHIYONG SAOMIAODIANJINGHUODEDEERCIDIANZITUXIANGJIDUIYINGDEKELILIDUFENBU。

 

滚球体育ParticleX KEYICELIANGMEIGEKELIDEZUIDAZHIJING、ZUIXIAOZHIJING、ZHOUZHANGHEXINGZHUANGDENG。

 

滚球体育Phenom ParticleX KEZIDONGFENXIFENMO,WUXURENYUANZHISHOUQIEKELIANXUYUNXING。ZAIZIDONGTEZHENGFENXI(AFA)MOSHIXIA,YONGHUKEYIZAIJIFENZHONGNEIDUIPANGDADEKELIHUOJIAZAWUSHUJUJIJINXINGFENLEI,JINERBANGZHUYOUHUAGUOCHENGKONGZHI。

 

滚球体育MEIGEKELIDOUFENBIEFENXIBINGCUNCHUXIANGYINGDESHUJU。LIYONGKELICHAKANQI,YONGHUKEYIQINGSONGDIDUIDANGEKELIZHONGXINCHAKANJINXINGGENGSHENRUDEFENXIHUOCHENGXIANG。

 

2. 按形状进行分类:

 

 

滚球体育ANZHAOYIXIAXINGTAIGUIZESHIBIEKELILEIXING:

 

滚球体育· QIUXINGKELI: – Aspect < 1.1 AND Roundness ≥ 0.9 – 0.6 ≤ Dave ≤ 5.5 AND Aspect < 1.4*

滚球体育· WEIXINGQIUKELI: – Aspect < 1.4 AND Roundness > 0.6 AND (Area/Hull Area ≥ 0.95 AND Void Count < 1

滚球体育· BIANXINGKELI/TUANJUKELI: – SUOYOUQITAKELI

 

滚球体育SHIYONGZHEIXIEGUIZE,KEYIFENLICHUMEIZHONGXINGTAILEIXINGKELIDELIJINGTIJIFENBU(CANJIANXIATU)。

 

Ti-6Al-4V FENMOZHONGQIUXINGKELI、WEIXINGQIUKELIHEBIANXINGKELIDETIJIFENBU

 

3. 按成分进行分类:

 

滚球体育DUI Ti-6Al-4V FENMOANZHAOHUAXUEZUCHENGJINXINGKELIFENXI

 

4. 高分辨率成像

 

Phenom ParticleX ZUOWEIZIDONGHUAZENGCAIZHILIANGFENXIYI,TONGSHIYEKEYIZUOWEICHENGXIANGXITONGMANZUDUOZHONGYINGYONGXUQIU。Phenom ParticleX TUXIANGFENBIANLVWEI 10 nm,KEYIDUIDUANKOUBIAOMIAN、DANGEKELIHEBIAOMIANQUEXIAN(RUQIKONG、JIAZAWUHEWEILIEWEN)JINXINGGAOFENBIANLVCHENGXIANG。

 

总结
 

Phenom ParticleX ZAI 3D DAYINFENMOZONGHEPINGGUFANGMIAN,KEYIZIDONGHUOQUJINSHUFENMODEKELILIDUFENBU、XINGMAOHEZAZHIDENGXINXI,JUTIBAOKUO:

 

· 颗粒粒度分布 – 全面的颗粒粒度范围
· 颗粒形貌分析 – 多种测量方法可供选择
· 杂质颗粒检测 – 可检测出数千颗粒中夹杂的微量杂质颗粒
滚球体育· 高分辨率成像 – 10 nm 分辨率

 

滚球体育JIGUANGYANSHEFABUTIGONGXINGTAICANSHU,ERJIYU SEM DETUXIANGFENXI,Phenom ParticleX ZAIZIDONGHUACAIJIKELIXINGTAIXINXIFANGMIANJUYOUYOUSHI,YOUZHUYUDUIDUOCIDAYINHUISHOULIYONGDEFENMOJINXINGFENXIHEZHUIZONG。

CHUANZHEN:86-021-28986356

邮箱:info@phenom-china.com

DIZHI:SHANGHAISHIPUDONGXINQUZHANGJIANGGAOKEJIYUANQUKEYUANLU88HAODEGUOZHONGXINEZUO502

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